Difference between revisions of "Modified Korteweg-de Vries equation"

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(Miura transform)
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<center><math>\partial_t v + \partial_x^3 v = 6(v^2 + w) \partial_x v</math><br /><math>\partial_t w + \partial_x^3 w = 6(v^2 + w) \partial_x w</math></center>
 
<center><math>\partial_t v + \partial_x^3 v = 6(v^2 + w) \partial_x v</math><br /><math>\partial_t w + \partial_x^3 w = 6(v^2 + w) \partial_x w</math></center>
  
Then u = v^2 + <span class="SpellE">v_x</span> + w is a solution of <span class="SpellE">KdV</span>. In particular, if a and b are constants and v solves
+
Then <math>u = v^2 + \partial_x v + w </math> is a solution of <span class="SpellE">KdV</span>. In particular, if a and b are constants and v solves
  
 
<center><span class="SpellE">v_t</span> + <span class="SpellE">v_xxx</span> = 6(a^2 v^2 + <span class="SpellE"><span class="GramE">bv</span></span>) <span class="SpellE">v_x</span></center>
 
<center><span class="SpellE">v_t</span> + <span class="SpellE">v_xxx</span> = 6(a^2 v^2 + <span class="SpellE"><span class="GramE">bv</span></span>) <span class="SpellE">v_x</span></center>

Revision as of 19:30, 28 July 2006

The (defocusing) modified Korteweg-de Vries (mKdV) equation is

It is completely integrable, and has infinitely many conserved quantities. Indeed, for each non-negative integer k, there is a conserved quantity which is roughly equivalent to the H^k norm of u. This equation has been studied on the line, on the circle, and on the half-line.

The focussing mKdV

is very similar, but admits soliton solutions.

Miura transform

In the defocusing case, the Miura transformation transforms a solution of defocussing mKdV to a solution of [#kdv KdV]

.

Thus one expects the LWP and GWP theory for mKdV to be one derivative higher than that for KdV.

In the focusing case, the Miura transform is now . This transforms focussing mKdV to complex-valued KdV, which is a slightly less tractable equation. (However, the transformed solution v is still real in the highest order term, so in principle the real-valued theory carries over to this case).

The Miura transformation can be generalized. If v and w solve the system


Then is a solution of KdV. In particular, if a and b are constants and v solves

v_t + v_xxx = 6(a^2 v^2 + bv) v_x

then u = a^2 v^2 + av_x + bv solves KdV (this is the Gardener transform).