Symplectic nonsqueezing

From DispersiveWiki

Symplectic nonsqueezing is the phenomenon that a Hamiltonian flow (or slightly more generally, a symplectomorphism) cannot deform a ball of radius R into a subset of a cylinder of radius r whenever r < R. This phenomenon was demonstrated rigorously by M. Gromov in the finite dimensional case, but generalizing this result to infinite dimensions can require remarkably subtle analysis. Gromov's proof relied upon pseudoholomorphic curves.